The Elastic Anisotropy Change Near the 410-km Discontinuity: Predictions From Single-Crystal Elasticity Measurements of Olivine and Wadsleyite

Jin S. Zhang, Jay D. Bass, Brandon Schmandt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We present a model of the single-crystal elasticity of olivine with ~9–10 mol% Fe based on all available single-crystal velocity measurements. A set of finite strain equations of state that account for thermoelastic effects is used for fitting the individual elastic moduli at various pressure-temperature conditions. The same analysis is applied to reanalyze the experimentally determined single-crystal elastic moduli of hydrous and anhydrous Fe-bearing wadsleyite. Based on the obtained thermoelastic parameters of individual elastic moduli, we then calculated various elastic anisotropy indices of olivine and wadsleyite and extrapolated them to the pressure-temperature conditions expected in the Earth's mantle. The results suggest that the elastic anisotropy in the Earth's upper transition zone (410–520 km depth) is likely below the seismic detection limit if it originates primarily from the lattice preferred orientation of wadsleyite crystals. On the other hand, the elastic anisotropy of olivine is still relatively high (~19–25%) at 410 km depth. Thus, if a mantle flow field induces lattice preferred orientation of olivine and wadsleyite near 410 km depth, a reduction of elastic anisotropy is expected across the 410-km discontinuity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2674-2684
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth
Volume123
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2018

Keywords

  • 410 discontinuity
  • anisotropy
  • olivine
  • single-crystal elasticity
  • wadsleyite

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science

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