The Egan site is situated in the uplands in Scott County in western Illinois, about 20 kilometers east of the Illinois River valley and was the location of several chronologically distinct occupations dating to the Hopewell era (ca. cal AD 150), the late Middle Woodland Massey phase (ca. cal AD 400), and the Late Woodland White Hall phase (ca. cal AD 600). Of significance is the fact that several distinct occupations occurred in this same relatively isolated location. The author proposes that this location probably was utilized over a 500-year period because it lay along a possible overland trail connecting the Illinois River valley with the upland prairies. The Egan site is unique in many respects, but it mainly stands out because of its distinctive material assemblages, its surprising chronological placement, its isolated position in the western Illinois uplands, and its groundbreaking subsistence information. This report represents one of the few attempts to analyze and report on material and subsistence assemblages from the Massey and White Hall phases. Because so few sites are known from these periods in this area, the Egan report will stand as a baseline for future research. Several people were inadvertently left out of the original acknowledgments for the Egan Research Report. The author apologizes for this oversight. The following three people made significant production contributions to this report.
|Name||ISAS Research Report no. 25|