The effects of the phytoestrogen, coumestrol, on gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) mRNA expression in GT1-7 GnRH neurones

J. Bowe, Xiao Feng Li, D. Sugden, J. A. Katzenellenbogen, B. S. Katzenellenbogen, K. T. O'Byrne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Phytoestrogens can produce inhibitory effects on gonadotropin secretion in both animals and humans, although little is known about the mechanisms and the role of direct action on oestrogen receptors (ER) in this process. We examined the effect of coumestrol, alone and combined with ER antagonists, on gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) mRNA expression in GT1-7 cells. Coumestrol was found to have an inhibitory effect compared to controls, which was blocked by R,R-THC, a selective ERβ antagonist. These results suggest that ERβ is involved in the suppression of GnRH mRNA expression by coumestrol.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)105-108
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Neuroendocrinology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1 2003



  • Coumestrol
  • GT1-7
  • Gonadotropin-releasing hormone
  • Oestrogen

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrine and Autonomic Systems
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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