The effect of thermal-aging on the microstructure and mechanical properties of 9Cr ferritic/martensitic ODS alloy

Guangming Zhang, Zhangjian Zhou, Kun Mo, Yinbin Miao, Shuai Xu, Haodong Jia, Xiang Liu, James F. Stubbins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In this paper, the thermal-stability of 9Cr F/M ODS alloy was evaluated by the aging treatment in the air at 700 C for 10 h, 100 h, 1000 h, and 2005 h. The variations of mechanical properties with different aging periods were tested in terms of tensile testing and vickers microhardness. And the microstructural evolution of strengthening particles and grain morphologies in the 9Cr F/M ODS alloys were characterized using field emission scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy and high-energy X-ray diffraction. It was found that the as-rolled 9Cr F/M ODS alloy slightly recovered without recrystallization during the initial stage of less than 10 h aging time, resulting in the slight loss of tensile strength and microhardness and the increase of elongation. With the aging time prolonged to 2005 h, several of nano-sized Y–Ti–O particles coarsened and the composition changed to Y–Ti–Al–O, and the number density of large size nitride precipitations increased and the composition also changed from TiN to (Ti,Al)N. Meanwhile, some of grains tend to grow up in some preferential directions due to the zener pinning effect by the localized uneven distributed particles inside the grains, causing more particles, especially the particles with a size of larger than 40 nm, located at grain boundaries. These microstructural evolutions lead to the increasing of microhardness and a little bit decreasing of eleongation during 10 h–2005 h, and the increasing of tensile strength during 10 h–1000 h with the subsequent slight decreasing during 1000 h–2005 h. In summary, 9Cr F/M alloy shows a relatively good thermal-aging stability at 700 C for 2005 h.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)212-219
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Nuclear Materials
StatePublished - Aug 15 2019


  • Mechanical properties
  • Microstructure
  • Thermal-aging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering


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