The effect of the new triazole, voriconazole (UK-109,496), on the interactions of Candida albicans and Candida krusei with endothelial cells

R. A. Fratti, R. H. Belanger, H. Sanati, M. A. Ghannoum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In this study, we investigated how voriconazole affects specific endothelial cell interactions utilizing both fluconazole-susceptibles and resistant(R) Candida albicans strains (C. albicans(S) and C. albicans(R), respectively) as well as Candida krusei. Our data show that exposing C. albicans(S) to voriconazole significantly reduced its adherence to endothelial cells (p <0.001). The adherence of C. albicans(R) to endothelial cells was not affected by treatment with either antifungal agent. Exposure of C. albicans to both agents inhibited germ tube formation; however, voriconazole showed higher ability in inhibiting germination as compared with fluconazole. The effect of antifungals on germination was also tested during co-incubation of yeast cells with endothelial cells. Pretreated C. albicans(S) cells germinated on endothelial cells in the presence of voriconazole or fluconazole. However, the degree of germination was reduced by 81% and 16%, respectively. Similar results were observed with C. albicans(R). Our data demonstrate that voriconazole treatment reduced the median germ tube length of C. albicans(S) and C. albicans(R) by approximately 60%, whereas fluconazole reduced the germ tube length of these strains by 27% and 63%, respectively (P < 0.0001 for each comparison). We compared the efficacy of voriconazole and fluconazole in protecting endothelial cells against damage caused by C. albicans(S), C. albicans(R), and C. krusei. Voriconazole and fluconazole reduced C. albicans-mediated endothelial cell injury by about 90% and 40%, respectively (P < 0.01 for each comparison). Additionally, voriconazole treatment significantly reduced C. krusei-mediated injury to endothelial cells by 69% (P <.0.01), whereas fluconazole did not exhibit significant protection (P < 0.6). These results demonstrate that voriconazole, in addition to its direct inhibitory activity against fungi, may act against Candida spp. by interfering with critical host/parasite interactions, such as adherence and endothelial cell damage, as well as germination. Therefore, this triazole represents a new and promising agent for the treatment of disseminated candidal infections caused by both fluconazole-susceptible and -resistant species.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7-16
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Chemotherapy
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1998
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Antifungals
  • Candida albicans
  • Candida krusei
  • Endothelial cells
  • Fluconazole
  • Fungi
  • Triazole
  • Voriconazole

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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