The effect of stifle angle on cranial tibial translation following tibial platea leveling osteotomy: An in vitro experimental analysis

Kelly Johnson, Otto Lanz, Steven Elder, Ron McLaughlin, Stephen Werre, Tisha Harper

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study was designed to detetmine the ability of tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO) to eliminate cranial tibial translation (CTT) through a loaded range of motion. Twenty-four large-breed canine cadaver limbs were compared. Each limb was placed in a custom designed jig at 120° of stifle extension under an axial load of 20% body weight. A force of approximately 10 N/s mimiced the action of the quadriceps muscle and allowed the limb to move from 120° to maximal extension. Positional data were acquired using electromagnetic motion-tracking sensors. Each limb was tested under normal, cranial cruciate ligament (CrCL)-deficient, and TPLO-treated conditions. Cranial tibial translation significantly increased after transection of the CrCL. The TPLO failed to normalize CTT within the CrCL deficient stifle; however, values trended towards intact values throughout the range of motion. The TPLO was more effective at higher angles of flexion. These altered biomechanics may help explain the continued progression of osteoarthritis in TPLO repaired stifles. This loaded model may serve as a method for future evaluation of other surgical techniques.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)961-966
Number of pages6
JournalCanadian Veterinary Journal
Volume52
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 1 2011
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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