The effect of in vitro treatment of bovine embryos with IGF-1 on subsequent development in utero to Day 14 of gestation

J. Block, A. E. Fischer-Brown, T. M. Rodina, A. D. Ealy, P. J. Hansen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Culture of bovine embryos with insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) can improve development to the blastocyst stage and embryo survival following transfer to heat-stressed, lactating dairy cows. Two experiments were conducted to determine whether IGF-1 could improve embryo survival and development at Day 14 after ovulation. In Experiment 1, non-lactating Holstein cows (n = 58) were selected as recipients following synchronization for timed-embryo transfer. Embryos were produced in vitro and cultured with or without 100 ng/mL IGF-1. At Day 7 after expected ovulation (Day 0), groups of 7-12 embryos were randomly transferred to each recipient. Embryos were recovered at Day 14. Embryo length and the presence or absence of an embryonic disc was recorded. Recovered embryos were cultured individually for 24 h to determine interferon-τ (IFN-τ) secretion. There was no effect of IGF-1 on embryo recovery rate, embryo length or IFN-τ secretion. In Experiment 2, non-lactating (n = 56) and lactating (n = 35) Holstein cows were selected as recipients following synchronization for timed-embryo transfer. Embryos were produced as described in Experiment 1. At Day 7 after expected ovulation (Day 0), a single embryo was randomly transferred to each recipient. Embryos were recovered at Day 14. Embryo length and IFN-τ secretion were determined as in Experiment 1. Recovery rate at Day 14 tended (P = 0.1) to be higher for recipients that received IGF-1 treated embryos compared to control embryos (43.2% versus 26.1%, respectively). There was no effect of IGF-1 on embryo length or IFN-τ secretion. In conclusion, results suggest that exposure to IGF-1 through Days 7-8 of development does not enhance capacity of embryos to prevent luteolysis. Results of the single embryo-transfer experiment suggested that IGF-1 treatment might affect embryo survival post-transfer as early as Day 14 after ovulation. Further experimentation is warranted to verify this finding.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)153-161
Number of pages9
JournalTheriogenology
Volume68
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 15 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cattle
  • Embryo survival
  • In vitro fertilization
  • Insulin-like growth factor-1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Small Animals
  • Food Animals
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Equine

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