The effect of heptachlor, a chlorinated hydrocarbon insecticide, on p53 tumor suppressor in human lymphocytes

Steffney E. Rought, Peter M. Yau, Joachim B. Schnier, Linda F. Chuang, Ronald Y. Chuang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Previous studies have shown that heptachlor, a chlorinated hydrocarbon insecticide, is a liver tumor promoter in rats and mice and induces tumor promoting-like alterations in human myeloblastic leukemia cells. The nature of tumor promotion is multifaceted and has recently been shown to include suppression of programmed cell death (apoptosis) as a mechanism by which a tumor promoter can prolong cell viability. The ability of tumor promoters to suppress apoptosis prompted us to address the question of whether heptachlor is capable of effecting the expression of genes involved in lymphocyte apoptosis, in particular, the p53 tumor suppressor gene. Experiments with a CEM x 174 cell line, a hybrid of human T and B cells, revealed that heptachlor downregulated p53 gene expression at the post-transcriptional level without changing levels of mRNA in the cells. The heptachlor-induced reduction in the basal levels of expression of this gene was both in a concentration and time-dependent manner.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)29-36
Number of pages8
JournalToxicology Letters
Volume94
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 16 1998

Keywords

  • Heptachlor
  • Human lymphocytes
  • p53 Tumor suppressor gene

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology

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