The effect of eviction moratoria on the transmission of SARS-CoV-2

Anjalika Nande, Justin Sheen, Emma L Walters, Brennan Klein, Matteo Chinazzi, Andrei Gheorghe, Ben Adlam, Julianna Shinnick, Maria Florencia Tejeda, Samuel V Scarpino, Alessandro Vespignani, Andrew Greenlee, Daniel Schneider, Michael Z. Levy, Alison L Hill

Research output: Working paper

Abstract

Massive unemployment during the COVID-19 pandemic could result in an eviction crisis in US cities. Here we model the effect of evictions on SARS-CoV-2 epidemics, simulating viral transmission within and among households in a theoretical metropolitan area. We recreate a range of urban epidemic trajectories and project the course of the epidemic under two counterfactual scenarios, one in which a strict moratorium on evictions is in place and enforced, and another in which evictions are allowed to resume at baseline or increased rates. We find, across scenarios, that evictions lead to significant increases in infections. Applying our model to Philadelphia using locally-specific parameters shows that the increase is especially profound in models that consider realistically heterogenous cities in which both evictions and contacts occur more frequently in poorer neighborhoods. Our results provide a basis to assess municipal eviction moratoria and show that policies to stem evictions are a warranted and important component of COVID-19 control.
Original languageEnglish (US)
PublisherCold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press
Number of pages58
DOIs
StateIn preparation - Nov 1 2020

Publication series

NamemedRxiv
PublisherCold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press

Keywords

  • Coronavirus
  • COVID-19
  • severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2)
  • Novel coronavirus
  • 2019-nCoV
  • Pandemic

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