Examination of metal ion-dependent effects on the electrophoretic mobility of bovine prothrombin and fragment 1 provides a useful and sensitive method for investigation of conformational processes in these proteins. Utilization of this method reveals a conformational change in bovine prothrombin and fragment 1 which occurs at low metal ion concentrations. Equilibrium dialysis studies indicate that the metal ion-induced shape change occurs concomitant with binding of a single calcium ion/molecule of prothrombin or fragment 1. Mixed metal electrophoretic mobility studies with Mg2+ and Ca2+ have demonstrated the 'synergistic' effect for fragment 1 observed by others. Mixed metal equilibrium dialysis has provided experimental support for this observation and allows us to conclude that two tight Ca2+ sites are not affected by low Mg2+ concentrations and that the third Ca2+ site is also a tight site for Mg2+. Thus, at low Mg2+ concentrations and upon the addition of Ca2+, there are effectively three tight sites; consequently more Ca2+ will bind to the protein at lower total Ca2+ ion concentrations.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - 1986|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology