The Earth: Plasma Sources, Losses, and Transport Processes

Daniel T. Welling, Mats André, Iannis Dandouras, Dominique Delcourt, Andrew Fazakerley, Dominique Fontaine, John Foster, Raluca Ilie, Lynn Kistler, Justin H. Lee, Michael W. Liemohn, James A. Slavin, Chih Ping Wang, Michael Wiltberger, Andrew Yau

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


This paper reviews the state of knowledge concerning the source of magnetospheric plasma at Earth. Source of plasma, its acceleration and transport throughout the system, its consequences on system dynamics, and its loss are all discussed. Both observational and modeling advances since the last time this subject was covered in detail (Hultqvist et al., Magnetospheric Plasma Sources and Losses, 1999) are addressed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)145-208
Number of pages64
JournalSpace Science Reviews
Issue number1-4
StatePublished - Oct 1 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Ionosphere
  • Magnetosphere
  • Plasma
  • Solar wind

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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