The early effects of dietary restriction on the pathogenesis of chronic renal disease in Sprague-Dawley rats at 12 months

L. A. Gumprecht, C. R. Long, K. A. Soper, P. F. Smith, W. M. Haschek-Hock, K. P. Keenan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study evaluated the effects of different diets and dietary regimens on the pathogenesis of chronic renal disease (CRD) in Sprague-Dawley rats at 52 wk and correlated these data with survival at 106 wk. A commercial diet (5002) was compared to a modified diet (5002-9) with less protein, fat, and energy and more fiber. Both diets were fed by ad libitum (AL) or dietary restriction (DR) regimens. The glomerular area (GA), glomerular sclerotic index (GSI), tubulo-interstitial index (TII), and tubular labeling index (tubular LI) were measured. The 5002-9 diet fed AL did not decrease the severity of CRD or increase survival, nor did the 5002 diet fed 6.5 hr/day. Both diets fed by DR did improve CRD and survival. Both AL groups had higher indices, and the 5002 AL males had the highest GA and GSI. These data indicate that the initial events in CRD occur as glomerular hypertrophy. Because the TII and tubular LI were only increased with advanced CRD, tubulo- interstitial damage did not occur until the glomerular changes were established. The 52-wk glomerular indices correlated with survival at 106 wk. Increased GA at 52 wk predicted low survival rates at 106 wk. These findings support a hypothesis that glomerular sclerosis and tubulo-interstitial damage occur secondary to early initial glomerular hypertrophy that is mitigated by caloric restriction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)528-537
Number of pages10
JournalToxicologic Pathology
Volume21
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1993
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Glomerular hypertrophy
  • caloric restriction
  • chronic nephropathy
  • glomerular sclerosis
  • protein restriction
  • rat survival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Toxicology
  • Cell Biology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'The early effects of dietary restriction on the pathogenesis of chronic renal disease in Sprague-Dawley rats at 12 months'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this