■ This paper proposes that multinational firms that are more capable in developing new managerial resources are less vulnerable to the Penrose effect in the process of international expansion.
■ We hypothesize that firms were more capable to achieve growth in consecutive time periods when they send more expatriates to the local operations and when they have greater home experience before entering into the local market.
■ The empirical results based on a sample of Japanese investments in the United States support our arguments.
- Development managerial resources
- Firm growth
- Multinational firms
- Penrose effect
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Business and International Management
- Strategy and Management