The Dynamic Response Behaviors of Naïve Juvenile Asian Carp Following Exposure to Predator Kairomones in Mixed-Species Groups

Jared Wilson, David H. Wahl

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

Shoaling behavior is one of many important strategies utilized by prey species to gather many types of information about their environment, particularly in regard to threat recognition. By mimicking the response of an experienced individual, naïve individuals increase survivability. Overlapping the niches of many native prey species, the widely distributed invasive Asian carp spend much of their early lives vulnerable to predation. By shoaling in single species or mixed species groups, the survivability of these fishes may be increased. The objective of this study was to evaluate the response of naïve juvenile Bighead Carp (H. nobilis) when grouped with experienced conspecific and heterospecific (N. chrysoleucas) shoal mates and exposed to a predator kairomone. Groups were exposed to 20 mL of largemouth bass (M. salmoides) odor, and behavior was recorded before and after application. Our results indicate a decrease in activity and nearest neighbor distance for naïve carp paired with conspecifics, however individuals paired with an experienced heterospecific displayed a response similar to the fright response of the heterospecific, indicating the alarm response of the Bighead carp may be somewhat plastic. Future research is needed to determine if subsequent applications of predator kairomones influence the behavior of naïve individuals once the experienced individuals are removed.
Original languageEnglish (US)
StatePublished - 2018
Event2018 Midwest Fish and Wildlife Conference - Milwaukee, United States
Duration: Jan 28 2018Jan 31 2018
Conference number: 78

Conference

Conference2018 Midwest Fish and Wildlife Conference
CountryUnited States
CityMilwaukee
Period1/28/181/31/18

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kairomones
carp
Hypophthalmichthys nobilis
predators
Micropterus salmoides
niches
plastics
odors
predation
fish

Keywords

  • INHS

Cite this

Wilson, J., & Wahl, D. H. (2018). The Dynamic Response Behaviors of Naïve Juvenile Asian Carp Following Exposure to Predator Kairomones in Mixed-Species Groups. Paper presented at 2018 Midwest Fish and Wildlife Conference, Milwaukee, United States.

The Dynamic Response Behaviors of Naïve Juvenile Asian Carp Following Exposure to Predator Kairomones in Mixed-Species Groups. / Wilson, Jared; Wahl, David H.

2018. Paper presented at 2018 Midwest Fish and Wildlife Conference, Milwaukee, United States.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Wilson, J & Wahl, DH 2018, 'The Dynamic Response Behaviors of Naïve Juvenile Asian Carp Following Exposure to Predator Kairomones in Mixed-Species Groups' Paper presented at 2018 Midwest Fish and Wildlife Conference, Milwaukee, United States, 1/28/18 - 1/31/18, .
Wilson J, Wahl DH. The Dynamic Response Behaviors of Naïve Juvenile Asian Carp Following Exposure to Predator Kairomones in Mixed-Species Groups. 2018. Paper presented at 2018 Midwest Fish and Wildlife Conference, Milwaukee, United States.
Wilson, Jared ; Wahl, David H. / The Dynamic Response Behaviors of Naïve Juvenile Asian Carp Following Exposure to Predator Kairomones in Mixed-Species Groups. Paper presented at 2018 Midwest Fish and Wildlife Conference, Milwaukee, United States.
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