The domesticated robot: Design guidelines for assisting older adults to age in place

Jenay M. Beer, Cory Ann Smarr, Tiffany L. Chen, Akanksha Prakash, Tracy L. Mitzner, Charles C. Kemp, Wendy A. Rogers

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Many older adults wish to remain in their own homes as they age [16]. However, challenges in performing home upkeep tasks threaten an older adult's ability to age in place. Even healthy independently living older adults experience challenges in maintaining their home [13]. Challenges with home tasks can be compensated through technology, such as home robots. However, for home robots to be adopted by older adult users, they must be designed to meet older adults' needs for assistance and the older users must be amenable to robot assistance for those needs. We conducted a needs assessment to (1) assess older adults' openness to assistance from robots; and (2) understand older adults' opinions about using an assistive robot to help around the home. We administered questionnaires and conducted structured group interviews with 21 independently living older adults (ages 65-93). The questionnaire data suggest that older adults prefer robot assistance for cleaning and fetching/organizing tasks overall. However their assistance preferences discriminated between tasks. The interview data provided insight as to why they hold such preferences. Older adults reported benefits of robot assistance (e.g., the robot compensating for limitations, saving them time and effort, completing undesirable tasks, and performing tasks at a high level of performance). Participants also reported concerns such as the robot damaging the environment, being unreliable at or incapable of doing a task, doing tasks the older adult would rather do, or taking up too much space/storage. These data, along with specific comments from participant interviews, provide the basis for preliminary recommendations for designing mobile manipulator robots to support aging in place.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationHRI'12 - Proceedings of the 7th Annual ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction
Pages335-342
Number of pages8
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 26 2012
Event7th Annual ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction, HRI'12 - Boston, MA, United States
Duration: Mar 5 2012Mar 8 2012

Publication series

NameHRI'12 - Proceedings of the 7th Annual ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction

Other

Other7th Annual ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction, HRI'12
CountryUnited States
CityBoston, MA
Period3/5/123/8/12

Fingerprint

Robots
Manipulators
Cleaning
Aging of materials

Keywords

  • aging
  • aging in place
  • assistive robotics
  • chores
  • design guidelines
  • home
  • home environment
  • mobile manipulation
  • needs assessment
  • older adults
  • service robots

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Human-Computer Interaction

Cite this

Beer, J. M., Smarr, C. A., Chen, T. L., Prakash, A., Mitzner, T. L., Kemp, C. C., & Rogers, W. A. (2012). The domesticated robot: Design guidelines for assisting older adults to age in place. In HRI'12 - Proceedings of the 7th Annual ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction (pp. 335-342). (HRI'12 - Proceedings of the 7th Annual ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction). https://doi.org/10.1145/2157689.2157806

The domesticated robot : Design guidelines for assisting older adults to age in place. / Beer, Jenay M.; Smarr, Cory Ann; Chen, Tiffany L.; Prakash, Akanksha; Mitzner, Tracy L.; Kemp, Charles C.; Rogers, Wendy A.

HRI'12 - Proceedings of the 7th Annual ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction. 2012. p. 335-342 (HRI'12 - Proceedings of the 7th Annual ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Beer, JM, Smarr, CA, Chen, TL, Prakash, A, Mitzner, TL, Kemp, CC & Rogers, WA 2012, The domesticated robot: Design guidelines for assisting older adults to age in place. in HRI'12 - Proceedings of the 7th Annual ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction. HRI'12 - Proceedings of the 7th Annual ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction, pp. 335-342, 7th Annual ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction, HRI'12, Boston, MA, United States, 3/5/12. https://doi.org/10.1145/2157689.2157806
Beer JM, Smarr CA, Chen TL, Prakash A, Mitzner TL, Kemp CC et al. The domesticated robot: Design guidelines for assisting older adults to age in place. In HRI'12 - Proceedings of the 7th Annual ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction. 2012. p. 335-342. (HRI'12 - Proceedings of the 7th Annual ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction). https://doi.org/10.1145/2157689.2157806
Beer, Jenay M. ; Smarr, Cory Ann ; Chen, Tiffany L. ; Prakash, Akanksha ; Mitzner, Tracy L. ; Kemp, Charles C. ; Rogers, Wendy A. / The domesticated robot : Design guidelines for assisting older adults to age in place. HRI'12 - Proceedings of the 7th Annual ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction. 2012. pp. 335-342 (HRI'12 - Proceedings of the 7th Annual ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction).
@inproceedings{b315f808a53443c0a5e5d54c32863de8,
title = "The domesticated robot: Design guidelines for assisting older adults to age in place",
abstract = "Many older adults wish to remain in their own homes as they age [16]. However, challenges in performing home upkeep tasks threaten an older adult's ability to age in place. Even healthy independently living older adults experience challenges in maintaining their home [13]. Challenges with home tasks can be compensated through technology, such as home robots. However, for home robots to be adopted by older adult users, they must be designed to meet older adults' needs for assistance and the older users must be amenable to robot assistance for those needs. We conducted a needs assessment to (1) assess older adults' openness to assistance from robots; and (2) understand older adults' opinions about using an assistive robot to help around the home. We administered questionnaires and conducted structured group interviews with 21 independently living older adults (ages 65-93). The questionnaire data suggest that older adults prefer robot assistance for cleaning and fetching/organizing tasks overall. However their assistance preferences discriminated between tasks. The interview data provided insight as to why they hold such preferences. Older adults reported benefits of robot assistance (e.g., the robot compensating for limitations, saving them time and effort, completing undesirable tasks, and performing tasks at a high level of performance). Participants also reported concerns such as the robot damaging the environment, being unreliable at or incapable of doing a task, doing tasks the older adult would rather do, or taking up too much space/storage. These data, along with specific comments from participant interviews, provide the basis for preliminary recommendations for designing mobile manipulator robots to support aging in place.",
keywords = "aging, aging in place, assistive robotics, chores, design guidelines, home, home environment, mobile manipulation, needs assessment, older adults, service robots",
author = "Beer, {Jenay M.} and Smarr, {Cory Ann} and Chen, {Tiffany L.} and Akanksha Prakash and Mitzner, {Tracy L.} and Kemp, {Charles C.} and Rogers, {Wendy A.}",
year = "2012",
month = "4",
day = "26",
doi = "10.1145/2157689.2157806",
language = "English (US)",
isbn = "9781450310635",
series = "HRI'12 - Proceedings of the 7th Annual ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction",
pages = "335--342",
booktitle = "HRI'12 - Proceedings of the 7th Annual ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - The domesticated robot

T2 - Design guidelines for assisting older adults to age in place

AU - Beer, Jenay M.

AU - Smarr, Cory Ann

AU - Chen, Tiffany L.

AU - Prakash, Akanksha

AU - Mitzner, Tracy L.

AU - Kemp, Charles C.

AU - Rogers, Wendy A.

PY - 2012/4/26

Y1 - 2012/4/26

N2 - Many older adults wish to remain in their own homes as they age [16]. However, challenges in performing home upkeep tasks threaten an older adult's ability to age in place. Even healthy independently living older adults experience challenges in maintaining their home [13]. Challenges with home tasks can be compensated through technology, such as home robots. However, for home robots to be adopted by older adult users, they must be designed to meet older adults' needs for assistance and the older users must be amenable to robot assistance for those needs. We conducted a needs assessment to (1) assess older adults' openness to assistance from robots; and (2) understand older adults' opinions about using an assistive robot to help around the home. We administered questionnaires and conducted structured group interviews with 21 independently living older adults (ages 65-93). The questionnaire data suggest that older adults prefer robot assistance for cleaning and fetching/organizing tasks overall. However their assistance preferences discriminated between tasks. The interview data provided insight as to why they hold such preferences. Older adults reported benefits of robot assistance (e.g., the robot compensating for limitations, saving them time and effort, completing undesirable tasks, and performing tasks at a high level of performance). Participants also reported concerns such as the robot damaging the environment, being unreliable at or incapable of doing a task, doing tasks the older adult would rather do, or taking up too much space/storage. These data, along with specific comments from participant interviews, provide the basis for preliminary recommendations for designing mobile manipulator robots to support aging in place.

AB - Many older adults wish to remain in their own homes as they age [16]. However, challenges in performing home upkeep tasks threaten an older adult's ability to age in place. Even healthy independently living older adults experience challenges in maintaining their home [13]. Challenges with home tasks can be compensated through technology, such as home robots. However, for home robots to be adopted by older adult users, they must be designed to meet older adults' needs for assistance and the older users must be amenable to robot assistance for those needs. We conducted a needs assessment to (1) assess older adults' openness to assistance from robots; and (2) understand older adults' opinions about using an assistive robot to help around the home. We administered questionnaires and conducted structured group interviews with 21 independently living older adults (ages 65-93). The questionnaire data suggest that older adults prefer robot assistance for cleaning and fetching/organizing tasks overall. However their assistance preferences discriminated between tasks. The interview data provided insight as to why they hold such preferences. Older adults reported benefits of robot assistance (e.g., the robot compensating for limitations, saving them time and effort, completing undesirable tasks, and performing tasks at a high level of performance). Participants also reported concerns such as the robot damaging the environment, being unreliable at or incapable of doing a task, doing tasks the older adult would rather do, or taking up too much space/storage. These data, along with specific comments from participant interviews, provide the basis for preliminary recommendations for designing mobile manipulator robots to support aging in place.

KW - aging

KW - aging in place

KW - assistive robotics

KW - chores

KW - design guidelines

KW - home

KW - home environment

KW - mobile manipulation

KW - needs assessment

KW - older adults

KW - service robots

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84859958495&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84859958495&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1145/2157689.2157806

DO - 10.1145/2157689.2157806

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:84859958495

SN - 9781450310635

T3 - HRI'12 - Proceedings of the 7th Annual ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction

SP - 335

EP - 342

BT - HRI'12 - Proceedings of the 7th Annual ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction

ER -