The tumor suppressor p53 regulates diverse biological processes primarily via activation of downstream target genes. Even though many p53 target genes have been described, the precise mechanisms of p53 biological actions are uncertain. In previous work we identified by microarray analysis a candidate p53 target gene, FLJ11259/DRAM. In this report we have identified three uncharacterized human proteins with sequence homology to FLJ11259, suggesting that FLJ11259 is a member of a novel family of proteins with six transmembrane domains. Several lines of investigation confirm FLJ11259 is a direct p53 target gene. p53 siRNA prevented cisplatin-mediated up-regulation of FLJ11259 in NT2/D1 cells. Likewise in HCT116 p53+/+ cells and MCF10A cells, FLJ11259 is induced by cisplatin treatment but to a much lesser extent in isogenic p53-suppressed cells. A functional p53 response element was identified 22.3 kb upstream of the first coding exon of FLJ11259 and is shown to be active in reporter assays. In addition, chromatin immunoprecipitation assays indicate that p53 binds directly to this element in vivo and that binding is enhanced following cisplatin treatment. Confocal microscopy showed that an FLJ-GFP fusion protein localizes mainly in a punctate pattern in the cytoplasm. Overexpression studies in Cos-7, Saos2, and NT2/D1 cells suggest that FLJ11259 is associated with increased clonal survival. In summary, we have identified FLJ11259/DRAM as a p53-inducible member of a novel family of transmembrane proteins. FLJ11259/DRAM may be an important modulator of p53 responses in diverse tumor types.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Gene Structure and Expression|
|State||Published - Apr 2007|
- Target gene
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Structural Biology