The Development of American Agricultural Policy

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


American agricultural policies can be traced to the Founding with the establishment of the US Department of Agriculture (USDA), the land-grant university system and the federal Homestead Act in 1862 a critical milestone. Development has progressed through four distinct eras. The first era covers the early development of the parity support system (1933-1948). The late parity era (1949-1972) encapsulates the post-World War II developments and the parity system's breakdown. The third era began with the implementation of a new policy for farm support in the 1973 farm bill (1973-1995). Finally, the 1996 legislation decoupled farm support policy from production decisions to start the modern. If the farm bill is reauthorized on schedule in 2023 it will mark 90 years since the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1933 launched federal policy to provide direct assistance to some American farmers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationA Companion to American Agricultural History
Number of pages14
ISBN (Print)9781119632221
StatePublished - May 20 2022


  • Agricultural Adjustment Act
  • American agricultural policies
  • American farmers
  • Decoupled farm support policy
  • Farm support
  • Late parity era
  • Parity support system
  • US Department of Agriculture

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Arts and Humanities


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