The Communication Value of a Quantum Channel

Eric Chitambar, Ian George, Brian Doolittle, Marius Junge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


There are various ways to quantify the communication capabilities of a quantum channel. In this work we introduce the communication value (cv) of quantum channel, which describes the optimal probability of guessing the channel input from its output. By connecting to prior work on zero-error channel simulation, we show that the cv and its entanglement-assisted variant also offer dual interpretations as the classical communication cost for perfectly simulating different aspects of a channel using non-signaling resources. Our study involves characterizing the communication value as a generalized conditional min-entropy over the cone of separable operators. Using this characterization, we evaluate the cv for all qubit channels and higher-dimensional channels with certain symmetries. We find that the any entanglement-breaking channel has multiplicative cv when used in parallel with any other channel; the same is shown to hold for Pauli channels and partially depolarizing channels. In contrast, the cv is found to be non-multiplicative for a subset of the well-known Werner-Holevo channels. A final component of this work investigates relaxations of the channel cv to other cones such as the set of operators having a positive partial transpose (PPT).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1660-1679
Number of pages20
JournalIEEE Transactions on Information Theory
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1 2023


  • Quantum information science
  • quantum channels
  • quantum entanglement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Information Systems
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Library and Information Sciences


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