The association between aerobic fitness and language processing in children: Implications for academic achievement

Mark R. Scudder, Kara D Federmeier, Lauren B. Raine, Artur Direito, Jeremy K. Boyd, Charles H Hillman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Event-related brain potentials (ERPs) have been instrumental for discerning the relationship between children's aerobic fitness and aspects of cognition, yet language processing remains unexplored. ERPs linked to the processing of semantic information (the N400) and the analysis of language structure (the P600) were recorded from higher and lower aerobically fit children as they read normal sentences and those containing semantic or syntactic violations. Results revealed that higher fit children exhibited greater N400 amplitude and shorter latency across all sentence types, and a larger P600 effect for syntactic violations. Such findings suggest that higher fitness may be associated with a richer network of words and their meanings, and a greater ability to detect and/or repair syntactic errors. The current findings extend previous ERP research explicating the cognitive benefits associated with greater aerobic fitness in children and may have important implications for learning and academic performance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)140-152
Number of pages13
JournalBrain and Cognition
Volume87
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2014

Fingerprint

Language
Evoked Potentials
Semantics
Brain
Aptitude
Automatic Data Processing
Cognition
Learning
Academic Achievement
Fitness
Language Processing
Research
Syntax
Event-related Brain Potentials
Violations

Keywords

  • ERP
  • N400
  • P600
  • Semantic processing
  • Syntactic processing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

The association between aerobic fitness and language processing in children : Implications for academic achievement. / Scudder, Mark R.; Federmeier, Kara D; Raine, Lauren B.; Direito, Artur; Boyd, Jeremy K.; Hillman, Charles H.

In: Brain and Cognition, Vol. 87, No. 1, 05.2014, p. 140-152.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Scudder, Mark R. ; Federmeier, Kara D ; Raine, Lauren B. ; Direito, Artur ; Boyd, Jeremy K. ; Hillman, Charles H. / The association between aerobic fitness and language processing in children : Implications for academic achievement. In: Brain and Cognition. 2014 ; Vol. 87, No. 1. pp. 140-152.
@article{33e0215f341e477db3ee9071709edbb4,
title = "The association between aerobic fitness and language processing in children: Implications for academic achievement",
abstract = "Event-related brain potentials (ERPs) have been instrumental for discerning the relationship between children's aerobic fitness and aspects of cognition, yet language processing remains unexplored. ERPs linked to the processing of semantic information (the N400) and the analysis of language structure (the P600) were recorded from higher and lower aerobically fit children as they read normal sentences and those containing semantic or syntactic violations. Results revealed that higher fit children exhibited greater N400 amplitude and shorter latency across all sentence types, and a larger P600 effect for syntactic violations. Such findings suggest that higher fitness may be associated with a richer network of words and their meanings, and a greater ability to detect and/or repair syntactic errors. The current findings extend previous ERP research explicating the cognitive benefits associated with greater aerobic fitness in children and may have important implications for learning and academic performance.",
keywords = "ERP, N400, P600, Semantic processing, Syntactic processing",
author = "Scudder, {Mark R.} and Federmeier, {Kara D} and Raine, {Lauren B.} and Artur Direito and Boyd, {Jeremy K.} and Hillman, {Charles H}",
year = "2014",
month = "5",
doi = "10.1016/j.bandc.2014.03.016",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "87",
pages = "140--152",
journal = "Brain and Cognition",
issn = "0278-2626",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The association between aerobic fitness and language processing in children

T2 - Implications for academic achievement

AU - Scudder, Mark R.

AU - Federmeier, Kara D

AU - Raine, Lauren B.

AU - Direito, Artur

AU - Boyd, Jeremy K.

AU - Hillman, Charles H

PY - 2014/5

Y1 - 2014/5

N2 - Event-related brain potentials (ERPs) have been instrumental for discerning the relationship between children's aerobic fitness and aspects of cognition, yet language processing remains unexplored. ERPs linked to the processing of semantic information (the N400) and the analysis of language structure (the P600) were recorded from higher and lower aerobically fit children as they read normal sentences and those containing semantic or syntactic violations. Results revealed that higher fit children exhibited greater N400 amplitude and shorter latency across all sentence types, and a larger P600 effect for syntactic violations. Such findings suggest that higher fitness may be associated with a richer network of words and their meanings, and a greater ability to detect and/or repair syntactic errors. The current findings extend previous ERP research explicating the cognitive benefits associated with greater aerobic fitness in children and may have important implications for learning and academic performance.

AB - Event-related brain potentials (ERPs) have been instrumental for discerning the relationship between children's aerobic fitness and aspects of cognition, yet language processing remains unexplored. ERPs linked to the processing of semantic information (the N400) and the analysis of language structure (the P600) were recorded from higher and lower aerobically fit children as they read normal sentences and those containing semantic or syntactic violations. Results revealed that higher fit children exhibited greater N400 amplitude and shorter latency across all sentence types, and a larger P600 effect for syntactic violations. Such findings suggest that higher fitness may be associated with a richer network of words and their meanings, and a greater ability to detect and/or repair syntactic errors. The current findings extend previous ERP research explicating the cognitive benefits associated with greater aerobic fitness in children and may have important implications for learning and academic performance.

KW - ERP

KW - N400

KW - P600

KW - Semantic processing

KW - Syntactic processing

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84898844484&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84898844484&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.bandc.2014.03.016

DO - 10.1016/j.bandc.2014.03.016

M3 - Article

C2 - 24747513

AN - SCOPUS:84898844484

VL - 87

SP - 140

EP - 152

JO - Brain and Cognition

JF - Brain and Cognition

SN - 0278-2626

IS - 1

ER -