The anthropogenic nitrogen oxides emissions in China in the period 1990-1998

Jiming Hao, Hezhong Tian, Yongqi Lu, Kebin He, Lei Duan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


NOx emissions arising from rapid economic growth and large fossil fuel energy consumption in China have increased ambient concentration of NOx, regional levels of acid deposition and tropospheric ozone, and have drawn much attention by scientists domestic and abroad. In this paper, NOx emissions in China in the period 1990-1998 were presented on the basis of provincial historical energy consumption and specific NOx emission factors for different sectors and fuel types. Specially, the regional and sectoral NOx emission inventories in 1998 were developed and discussed. NOx emissions in China increased from 8.4Mt in 1990 to 11.18Mt in 1998. However, compared with those of 1995 and 1996, NOx emissions in 1998 decreased by an amount of 0.12 and 0.82Mt because of descending energy consumption, which can be partly explained by Asian financial crisis and domestic economic restructure. NOx emissions by fuels were dominated by coal combustion (72%) and sectoral emissions were by industry (41%), electric power (38%) and transportation (13%). NOx emissions in seven provinces exceeded 0.5Mt, namely Hebei, Jiangsu, Liaoning, Shandong, Shanxi, Guangdong and Henan, while NOx emissions in Hainan, Ningxia and Qinghai provinces were less than 0.1Mt. The provinces with hightest NOx emissions intensities (>10t km-2yr-1) were Shanghai, Tianjin and Beijing. In general, NOx emissions were mainly concentrated in the populated and industrialized areas of China, namely the Eastern Central and Southeastern provinces.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)177-181
Number of pages5
JournalACS Division of Fuel Chemistry, Preprints
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2001
Externally publishedYes


  • China
  • Emission inventory
  • Nitrogen oxides

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Energy


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