Hilbert proved in 1888 that a positive semidefinite (psd) real form is a sum of squares (sos) of real forms if and only if n=2 or d=1 or (n,2d)=(3,4), where n is the number of variables and 2d the degree of the form. We study the analogue for even symmetric forms. We establish that an even symmetric n-ary 2d-ic psd form is sos if and only if n=2 or d=1 or (n,2d)=(n,4)n≥3 or (n,2d)=(3,8).
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Algebra and Number Theory