The analogue of Hilbert's 1888 theorem for even symmetric forms

Charu Goel, Salma Kuhlmann, Bruce Reznick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Hilbert proved in 1888 that a positive semidefinite (psd) real form is a sum of squares (sos) of real forms if and only if n=2 or d=1 or (n,2d)=(3,4), where n is the number of variables and 2d the degree of the form. We study the analogue for even symmetric forms. We establish that an even symmetric n-ary 2d-ic psd form is sos if and only if n=2 or d=1 or (n,2d)=(n,4)n≥3 or (n,2d)=(3,8).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1438-1448
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Pure and Applied Algebra
Volume221
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Algebra and Number Theory

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