The air-side thermal-hydraulic performance of flat-tube heat exchangers with louvered, wavy, and plain fins under dry and wet conditions

Young Gil Park, Anthony M Jacobi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The air-side thermal-hydraulic performance of flat-tube aluminum heat exchangers is studied experimentally for conditions typical to air-conditioning applications, for heat exchangers constructed with serpentine louvered, wavy, and plain fins. Using a closedloop calorimetric wind tunnel, heat transfer and pressure drop are measured at air face velocities from 0.5 m/s to 2.8 m/s for dry- and wet-surface conditions. Parametric effects related to geometry and operating conditions on heat transfer and friction performance of the heat exchangers are explored. Significant differences in the effect of geometrical parameters are found for dry and wet conditions. For the louver-fin geometry, using a combined database from the present and the previous studies, empirical curve-fits for the Colburn j- and f-factors are developed in terms of a wet-surface multiplier. The wetsurface multiplier correlations fit the present database with rms relative residuals of 21.1% and 24.4% for j and f multipliers, respectively. Alternatively, stand-alone Colburn j and f correlations give rms relative residuals of 22.7% and 29.1%, respectively.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Heat Transfer
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1 2009



  • Correlation
  • Flat tube
  • Friction
  • Heat exchanger
  • Heat transfer
  • Louver
  • Wetsurface multiplier

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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