The affinities and origins of the crown-of-thorns sea star acanthaster gervais

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Abstract

Comparative morphology of both complete organisms and individual skeletal elements reveal strong similarities between the crown-of-thorns sea star Acanthaster and various members of the Oreasteridae. The monogeneric Acanthasteridae, therefore, is transferred from the Spinulosida to the Valvatida and assigned a position near to the Oreasteridae, from which it appears derived. Acanthaster is not considered to be morphologically isolated and therefore in itself does not imply the past existence of a once more diverse group of which it is a part, as has been suggested. Acanthaster morphology may have evolved in association with the habit of crawling over irregular topographies in higher energy environments. An undescribed Eocene oreasterid shows that a potential Acanthaster ancestral nvorphology has been in existence at least since that time.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)303-314
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Natural History
Volume13
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1979

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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