The adult development of cognition and learning

E. A.L. Stine-Morrow, J. M. Parisi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Cognition in adult development arises out of the dynamic interplay of (1) gains in knowledge-based systems, expertise, and skill and (2) losses in speed of processing, working memory capacity, and attentional control processes. These changes have important effects on the nature of learning and entail that strategies in instruction be developmentally sensitive throughout the life span. At the same time, formal education early in, and educational experiences throughout, the life span shapes these lifelong trajectories and, therefore, is an essential element to successful aging. This article examines this bidirectional relationship between education and cognitive vitality through adulthood.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationInternational Encyclopedia of Education
EditorsPenelope Peterson, Eva Baker, Barry McGaw
PublisherElsevier Science Ltd.
Number of pages6
ISBN (Print)9780080448947
StatePublished - 2010


  • Adult development
  • Aging
  • Cognition
  • Cognitive aging
  • Cognitive reserve
  • Crystallized ability
  • Discourse processing
  • Expertise
  • Fluid ability
  • Learning
  • Memory
  • Plasticity
  • Reading
  • Self-regulation
  • Situation model
  • Speed of processing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance(all)


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