We report the growth of single-phase (0001)-oriented epitaxial films of the purported electronically driven multiferroic, LuFe2O4, on (111) MgAl2O4, (111) MgO, and (0001) 6H-SiC substrates. Film stoichiometry was regulated using an adsorption-controlled growth process by depositing LuFe2O4 in an iron-rich environment at pressures and temperatures where excess iron desorbs from the film surface during growth. Scanning transmission electron microscopy reveals reaction-free film-substrate interfaces. The magnetization increases rapidly below 240K, consistent with the paramagnetic-to-ferrimagnetic phase transition of bulk LuFe2O4. In addition to the ∼0.35eV indirect band gap, optical spectroscopy reveals a 3.4eV direct band gap at the gamma point.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)