Testing stationarity using M-Estimation

Roger Koenker, Zhijie Xiao

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


INTRODUCTION There is a large body of literature in time series econometrics on the debate over whether economic time series are best characterized as trend stationary processes or difference stationary processes. Since the influential article by Nelson and Plosser (1982), hundreds of economic time series have been examined by unit root tests (against a stationary alternative) or stationarity tests (against a unit root alternative). Refer to Meese and Singleton (1982); Perron (1989); Schotman and van Dijk (1991); Phillips (1991); Zivot and Andrews (1992); Gil-Alana and Robinson (1997) among others. Despite the large body of literature on unit root tests, there have been several attempts at testing (trend) stationarity (Park 1988; Park and Choi 1988; Rudebusch 1988; Kwiatkowski et al. 1992; Leybourne and McCabe 1994; Fukushige, Hatanaka, and Koto 1994). In particular, Kwiatkowski et al. (1992) (hereafter KPSS) considered a time series model that can be decomposed as the sum of a deterministic trend, a random walk, and a stationary error, and they proposed Lagrange multiplier (LM) test for the null hypothesis of stationarity. Leybourne and McCabe (1994) suggested a similar test that differs from the KPSS test in its treatment of autocorrelation and applies when the null hypothesis is an AR(k) process. The primary purpose of this chapter is to propose a unified view for testing stationarity. Our test is general and has power against a wide range of alternatives that are of possible econometric interest.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEconometric Theory and Practice
Subtitle of host publicationFrontiers of Analysis and Applied Research
PublisherCambridge University Press
Number of pages22
ISBN (Electronic)9781139164863
ISBN (Print)0521807239, 9780521807234
StatePublished - Jan 1 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance(all)


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