Testing single- and dual-route computational models of auditory repetition with new data from six aphasic patients

Rachel Baron, J. Richard Hanley, Gary S Dell, Janice Kay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Both single-route and dual-route models of spoken word production have been proposed to account for auditory repetition performance in aphasic patients. Aims: We examined the extent to which Foygel and Dell's (2000) single-route model and Hanley, Dell, Kay, and Baron's (2004) dual-route model could successfully predict the repetition performance of six aphasic patients who made errors in picture naming and auditory repetition. Methods & Procedures: The six aphasic patients were tested on a variety of linguistic tasks. The models used performance on naming and nonword repetition tasks to predict real-word repetition scores. Outcome & Results: All six patients performed reasonably well at nonword repetition, but showed no evidence of using a non-lexical route when repeating real words. The repetition performance of all six patients was therefore better simulated by the single-route model than the dual-route model. Conclusion: Although the dual-route model successfully predicted the real-word repetition performance of the two patients reported by Hanley et al. (2004), it overestimated the performance of the six patients reported here. If the dual-route model is correct, then only a minority of patients appear to benefit from using the non-lexical route when repeating real words.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)62-76
Number of pages15
JournalAphasiology
Volume22
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2008

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performance
Computational Model
Aphasic
Hearing
Testing
Dual Route
Linguistics
Route
Dual-route Model
minority
linguistics
evidence
Nonword Repetition
Word Repetition
Picture Naming
Spoken Word Production
Naming
Minorities

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Language and Linguistics
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • LPN and LVN

Cite this

Testing single- and dual-route computational models of auditory repetition with new data from six aphasic patients. / Baron, Rachel; Hanley, J. Richard; Dell, Gary S; Kay, Janice.

In: Aphasiology, Vol. 22, No. 1, 01.01.2008, p. 62-76.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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