Drosophila has recently become a powerful model system to understand the mechanisms of temporal patterning of neural progenitors called neuroblasts (NBs). Two different temporal sequences of transcription factors (TFs) have been found to be sequentially expressed in NBs of two different systems: the Hunchback, Krüppel, Pdm1/Pdm2, Castor, and Grainyhead sequence in the Drosophila ventral nerve cord; and the Homothorax, Klumpfuss, Eyeless, Sloppy-paired, Dichaete, and Tailless sequence that patterns medulla NBs. In addition, the intermediate neural progenitors of type II NB lineages are patterned by a different sequence: Dichaete, Grainyhead, and Eyeless. These three examples suggest that temporal patterning of neural precursors by sequences of TFs is a common theme to generate neural diversity. Cross-regulations, including negative feedback regulation and positive feedforward regulation among the temporal factors, can facilitate the progression of the sequence. However, there are many remaining questions to understand the mechanism of temporal transitions. The temporal sequence progression is intimately linked to the progressive restriction of NB competence, and eventually determines the end of neurogenesis. Temporal identity has to be integrated with spatial identity information, as well as with the Notch-dependent binary fate choices, in order to generate specific neuron fates.