Temporal Distribution of Carbohydrate and Calorie Intake Is Not Associated with Hemoglobin A1c in Persons with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Jane Erin Petr, Kathryn S. Keim, Karen M. Chapman-Novakofski, Heather Rasmussen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The aim of this study was to examine the temporal distribution of carbohydrate and energy intake over 24 hours in individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus and determine the association with hemoglobin A1C (A1C). Up to four 24-hour food recalls were collected from 98 subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Temporal macronutrient distribution was operationalized by dividing each day into four, 6-hour time periods and calculating the percentage of total intake in each period. Linear regression was conducted to determine the extent to which these distribution patterns predicted A1C. The temporal distribution of calories and carbohydrate was not associated with A1C in this sample.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)138-152
Number of pages15
JournalTopics in Clinical Nutrition
Volume34
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2019

Keywords

  • breakfast skipping
  • carbohydrate
  • diabetes
  • glycemic control
  • night eating
  • nutrition
  • temporal distribution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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