Temporal convolutional networks for data-driven thermal modeling of directed energy deposition

V. Perumal, D. Abueidda, S. Koric, A. Kontsos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Metal additive manufacturing (AM) involves complex multiscale and multiphysics processes. Physics-based modeling approaches to simulate such processes face challenges in their predictions due to the several time and length scales involved in the thermomechanical effects that are inherent in AM. Deep learning-based approaches have been recently explored to address this issue, as they have been shown to be capable of capturing highly nonlinear relations between input and output features. This investigation proposes the use of temporal convolutional networks (TCNs) for fast inferencing of thermal histories in AM processes. TCNs have been previously shown to be superior to other deep learning approaches while requiring less training time. A methodology, therefore, of using TCNs in thermal history predictions for the case of directed energy deposition (DED) is presented herein. The results were found to be of comparable accuracy to other deep learning methods that have been proposed for similar predictions but at a fraction of their compute and training times.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)405-416
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Manufacturing Processes
StatePublished - Jan 6 2023


  • Additive manufacturing (AM)
  • Finite element method (FEM)
  • Neural networks
  • Sequence deep learning
  • Surrogate modeling
  • Temporal convolutional network (TCN)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Strategy and Management
  • Management Science and Operations Research
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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