Temperature-dependent kinematic viscosity of selected biodiesel fuels and blends with diesel fuel

Wenqiao Yuan, Alan C. Hansen, Qin Zhang, Zhongchao Tan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The kinematic viscosities of four biodiesel fuels - two natural soybean oil methyl esters, one genetically modified soybean oil methyl ester, and one yellow grease methyl ester - and their 75, 50, and 25% blends with No. 2 diesel fuel were measured in the temperature range from 20 to 100°C in steps of 20°C. The measurements indicated that all these fuels had viscosity-temperature relationships similar to No. 2 diesel fuel, which followed the Vogel equation as expected. A weighted semilog blending equation was developed in which the mass-based kinematic viscosity of the individual components was used to compute the mixture viscosity. A weight factor of 1.08 was applied to biodiesel fuel to account for its effect on the mixture viscosity. The average absolute deviation achieved with this method was 2.1 %, which was better than the uncorrected mass average blending equation that had an average absolute deviation of 4.5%. The relationship between the viscosity and the specific gravity of biodiesel fuels was studied. A method that could estimate the viscosity from the specific gravity of biodiesel fuel was developed. The average absolute deviation for all the samples using this method was 2.7%. The accuracy of this method was comparable to the weighted mass-based semilog blending equation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)195-199
Number of pages5
JournalJAOCS, Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2005


  • Biodiesel
  • Diesel fuel
  • Kinematic viscosity
  • Methyl esters

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Organic Chemistry


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