The lanthanide sesquioxides (e.g. Dy2O3) have been identified as potential high-temperature transformation tougheners alternative to zirconia (ZrO2). The monoclinic (B) to cubic (C) transformation on cooling is accompanied by an 8% volume increase and shattering. In the course of work to stabilize the B phase by adding CaO to pure Dy2O3 and rapid cooling, modulated microstructures were found in B phases of CaO-Dy2O3 solid solutions. Primarily two unit-cell scale modulations were identified: q1 (001-type, λ ≈ 9.0 Å) and q2 (200-type, λ ≈ 7.5 Å). In the  orientation another modulatio n (q3; λ ≈ 40 Å) occured in some samples. Higher-order satellite reflections of q1 and q2 were always present and their intensities gradually decreased as the order increased. However, q3 showed strong first-order intensities but weak higher-order intensities. As the cooling rate increased, angles q1<(00-)* and q2<(600)* tended to increase, whereas the intensity of q3 tended to decrease or diffuse. As the sintering temperature and time increased, the intensity of q3 tended to increase. A structural model to explain the modulated structures was proposed. It was suggested that the origin of the q1 and q2 modulations was a crystallographic shearing of structural units. The systematic shearing locally generated domains similar to the C structure, which gave rise to the q3 modulation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics