Techno-economic analysis of biodiesel and ethanol co-production from lipid-producing sugarcane

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Biodiesel production from vegetable oils has progressively increased over the past two decades. However, due to the low amounts of oil produced per hectare from temperate oilseed crops (e.g. soybean), the opportunities for further increasing biodiesel production are limited. Genetically modified lipid-producing sugarcane (lipid-cane) possesses great potential for producing biodiesel as an alternative feedstock because of sugarcane's much higher productivity compared with soybean. In this study, techno-economic models were developed for biodiesel and ethanol coproduction from lipid-cane, assuming 2, 5, 10, or 20% lipid concentration in the harvested stem (dry mass basis). The models were compared with a conventional soybean biodiesel process model to assess lipid-cane's competiveness. In the lipid-cane process model, the extracted lipids were used to produce biodiesel by transesterification, and the remaining sugar was used to produce ethanol by fermentation. The results showed that the biodiesel production cost from lipid-cane decreased from $0.89/L to $0.59 /L as the lipid content increased from 2 to 20%; this cost was lower than that obtained for soybeans ($1.08/L). The ethanol production costs from lipid-cane were between $0.40/L and $0.46/L. The internal rate of return (IRR) for the soybean biodiesel process was 15.0%, and the IRR for the lipid-cane process went from 13.7 to 24.0% as the lipid content increased from 2 to 20%. Because of its high productivity, lipid-cane with 20% lipid content can produce 6700L of biodiesel from each hectare of land, whereas soybean can only produce approximately 500L of biodiesel from each hectare of land. This would indicate that continued efforts to achieve lipid-producing sugarcane could make large-scale replacement of fossil-fuel-derived diesel without unrealistic demands on land area.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)299-315
Number of pages17
JournalBiofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining
Volume10
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2016

Fingerprint

Biofuels
Economic analysis
Biodiesel
Lipids
Ethanol
Productivity
Costs
Oilseeds
Plant Oils
Vegetable oils
Transesterification
Fossil fuels
Sugars
Fermentation
Feedstocks
Crops
Oils

Keywords

  • Biodiesel
  • Ethanol
  • Lipid
  • Soybean
  • Sugarcane
  • Techno-economic analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

Cite this

Techno-economic analysis of biodiesel and ethanol co-production from lipid-producing sugarcane. / Huang, Haibo; Long, Stephen P; Singh, Vijay.

In: Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining, Vol. 10, No. 3, 01.05.2016, p. 299-315.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{22ad2b318d544a24b408fa9a1d50b916,
title = "Techno-economic analysis of biodiesel and ethanol co-production from lipid-producing sugarcane",
abstract = "Biodiesel production from vegetable oils has progressively increased over the past two decades. However, due to the low amounts of oil produced per hectare from temperate oilseed crops (e.g. soybean), the opportunities for further increasing biodiesel production are limited. Genetically modified lipid-producing sugarcane (lipid-cane) possesses great potential for producing biodiesel as an alternative feedstock because of sugarcane's much higher productivity compared with soybean. In this study, techno-economic models were developed for biodiesel and ethanol coproduction from lipid-cane, assuming 2, 5, 10, or 20{\%} lipid concentration in the harvested stem (dry mass basis). The models were compared with a conventional soybean biodiesel process model to assess lipid-cane's competiveness. In the lipid-cane process model, the extracted lipids were used to produce biodiesel by transesterification, and the remaining sugar was used to produce ethanol by fermentation. The results showed that the biodiesel production cost from lipid-cane decreased from $0.89/L to $0.59 /L as the lipid content increased from 2 to 20{\%}; this cost was lower than that obtained for soybeans ($1.08/L). The ethanol production costs from lipid-cane were between $0.40/L and $0.46/L. The internal rate of return (IRR) for the soybean biodiesel process was 15.0{\%}, and the IRR for the lipid-cane process went from 13.7 to 24.0{\%} as the lipid content increased from 2 to 20{\%}. Because of its high productivity, lipid-cane with 20{\%} lipid content can produce 6700L of biodiesel from each hectare of land, whereas soybean can only produce approximately 500L of biodiesel from each hectare of land. This would indicate that continued efforts to achieve lipid-producing sugarcane could make large-scale replacement of fossil-fuel-derived diesel without unrealistic demands on land area.",
keywords = "Biodiesel, Ethanol, Lipid, Soybean, Sugarcane, Techno-economic analysis",
author = "Haibo Huang and Long, {Stephen P} and Vijay Singh",
year = "2016",
month = "5",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1002/bbb.1640",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "10",
pages = "299--315",
journal = "Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining",
issn = "1932-104X",
publisher = "John Wiley and Sons Ltd",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Techno-economic analysis of biodiesel and ethanol co-production from lipid-producing sugarcane

AU - Huang, Haibo

AU - Long, Stephen P

AU - Singh, Vijay

PY - 2016/5/1

Y1 - 2016/5/1

N2 - Biodiesel production from vegetable oils has progressively increased over the past two decades. However, due to the low amounts of oil produced per hectare from temperate oilseed crops (e.g. soybean), the opportunities for further increasing biodiesel production are limited. Genetically modified lipid-producing sugarcane (lipid-cane) possesses great potential for producing biodiesel as an alternative feedstock because of sugarcane's much higher productivity compared with soybean. In this study, techno-economic models were developed for biodiesel and ethanol coproduction from lipid-cane, assuming 2, 5, 10, or 20% lipid concentration in the harvested stem (dry mass basis). The models were compared with a conventional soybean biodiesel process model to assess lipid-cane's competiveness. In the lipid-cane process model, the extracted lipids were used to produce biodiesel by transesterification, and the remaining sugar was used to produce ethanol by fermentation. The results showed that the biodiesel production cost from lipid-cane decreased from $0.89/L to $0.59 /L as the lipid content increased from 2 to 20%; this cost was lower than that obtained for soybeans ($1.08/L). The ethanol production costs from lipid-cane were between $0.40/L and $0.46/L. The internal rate of return (IRR) for the soybean biodiesel process was 15.0%, and the IRR for the lipid-cane process went from 13.7 to 24.0% as the lipid content increased from 2 to 20%. Because of its high productivity, lipid-cane with 20% lipid content can produce 6700L of biodiesel from each hectare of land, whereas soybean can only produce approximately 500L of biodiesel from each hectare of land. This would indicate that continued efforts to achieve lipid-producing sugarcane could make large-scale replacement of fossil-fuel-derived diesel without unrealistic demands on land area.

AB - Biodiesel production from vegetable oils has progressively increased over the past two decades. However, due to the low amounts of oil produced per hectare from temperate oilseed crops (e.g. soybean), the opportunities for further increasing biodiesel production are limited. Genetically modified lipid-producing sugarcane (lipid-cane) possesses great potential for producing biodiesel as an alternative feedstock because of sugarcane's much higher productivity compared with soybean. In this study, techno-economic models were developed for biodiesel and ethanol coproduction from lipid-cane, assuming 2, 5, 10, or 20% lipid concentration in the harvested stem (dry mass basis). The models were compared with a conventional soybean biodiesel process model to assess lipid-cane's competiveness. In the lipid-cane process model, the extracted lipids were used to produce biodiesel by transesterification, and the remaining sugar was used to produce ethanol by fermentation. The results showed that the biodiesel production cost from lipid-cane decreased from $0.89/L to $0.59 /L as the lipid content increased from 2 to 20%; this cost was lower than that obtained for soybeans ($1.08/L). The ethanol production costs from lipid-cane were between $0.40/L and $0.46/L. The internal rate of return (IRR) for the soybean biodiesel process was 15.0%, and the IRR for the lipid-cane process went from 13.7 to 24.0% as the lipid content increased from 2 to 20%. Because of its high productivity, lipid-cane with 20% lipid content can produce 6700L of biodiesel from each hectare of land, whereas soybean can only produce approximately 500L of biodiesel from each hectare of land. This would indicate that continued efforts to achieve lipid-producing sugarcane could make large-scale replacement of fossil-fuel-derived diesel without unrealistic demands on land area.

KW - Biodiesel

KW - Ethanol

KW - Lipid

KW - Soybean

KW - Sugarcane

KW - Techno-economic analysis

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84960157691&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84960157691&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/bbb.1640

DO - 10.1002/bbb.1640

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84960157691

VL - 10

SP - 299

EP - 315

JO - Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining

JF - Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining

SN - 1932-104X

IS - 3

ER -