Techniques for evaluation of right ventricular relaxation rate in horses and effects of inhalant anesthetics with and without intravenous administration of calcium gluconate

Tamara L. Grubb, Peter D. Constable, Gordon J. Benson, Jonathan H. Foreman, William O. Olson, John C. Thurmon, William J. Tranquilli, Lloyd E. Davis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives - To determine the most repeatable method for evaluating right ventricular relaxation rate in horses and to determine and compare effects of isoflurane or halothane with and without the added influence of intravenously administered calcium gluconate on right ventricular relaxation rates in horses. Animals - 6 Thoroughbred horses from 2 to 4 years old. Procedure - 6 models (2 for monoexponential decay with zero asymptote, 3 for monoexponential decay with variable asymptote, and 1 for biexponential decay) for determining right ventricular relaxation rate were assessed in conscious and anesthetized horses. The 2 methods yielding the most repeatable results then were used to determine right ventricular relaxation rates in horses anesthetized with isoflurane or halothane before, during, and after IV administration of calcium gluconate. Right ventricular pressure was measured, using a catheter-tip high-fidelity pressure transducer, and results were digitized at 500 Hz from minimum rate of change in ventricular pressure. Results - 2 models that used monoexponential decay with zero asymptote repeatedly produced an estimate for relaxation rate and were used to analyze effects of anesthesia and calcium gluconate administration on relaxation rate. Isoflurane and halothane each prolonged right ventricular relaxation rate, with greater prolongation evident in halothane-anesthetized horses. Calcium gluconate attenuated the anesthesia-induced prolongation in right ventricular relaxation rate, with greater response obtained in isoflurane- anesthetized horses. Conclusions and Clinical Relevance - Right ventricular relaxation rate in horses is assessed best by use of a monoexponential decay model with zero asymptote and nonlinear regression. Intravenous administration of calcium gluconate to isoflurane-anesthetized horses best preserves myocardial relaxant function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)872-879
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican journal of veterinary research
Volume60
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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