Teacher salaries in Latin America: A review

George Psacharopoulos, Jorge Valenzuela, Mary Arends

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In this paper we use data from household surveys of 12 Latin American countries to assess how teacher salaries compare to workers in other occupations. The results show great variability from one country to another, ranging from an apparent underpayment of teachers in Bolivia by 35% relative to the control group, and a respective overpayment of 65% in Colombia. However, when statistical controls are introduced for the differential education, hours worked and gender composition between teachers and the comparison group, much of the earnings differential between the two groups disappears. On the basis of this finding, we cannot support the position that teachers are either overpaid or underpaid. [JEL I21]

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)401-406
Number of pages6
JournalEconomics of Education Review
Issue number4 SPEC. ISS.
StatePublished - Oct 1996
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Economics and Econometrics


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