Teacher education for research-based practice in expanded roles: Finland's experience

Ian Westbury, Sven Erik Hansén, Pertti Kansanen, Ole Björkvist

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Preparing teachers for a research-based professionalism has been the central mission of teacher education in Finland since the mid-1970s. More recently, as a result of such national policy developments as school-based curriculum development and local decision-making, the conception of teachers' work and professionalism has expanded. Drawing on experience within the teacher education programmes at the University of Helsinki and Åbo Akademi University, this paper discusses some of the programmatic issues that these developments have raised in class-teacher, i.e. "elementary", teacher education programmes. We focus in particular firstly on the research thesis that is a part of every teacher education programme in Finland, and the hallmark of the research-based professional ideal; and, secondly on the emerging issues that derive from the need to incorporate the expanded understanding of the teacher's role within the curriculum of teacher education.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)475-485
Number of pages11
JournalScandinavian Journal of Educational Research
Issue number5
StatePublished - Nov 2005


  • Curriculum of teacher education
  • Research-based teaching
  • Student teaching
  • Teacher education

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education


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