Tasking with out-of-order spawn in TLS chip multiprocessors: Microarchitecture and compilation

Jose Renau, James Tuck, Wei Liu, Luis Ceze, Karin Strauss, Josep Torrellas

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

Chip Multiprocessors (CMPs) are flexible, high-frequency platforms on which to support Thread-Level Speculation (TLS). However, for TLS to deliver on its promise, CMPs must exploit multiple sources of speculative task-level parallelism, including any nesting levels of both subroutines and loop iterations. Unfortunately, these environments are hard to support in decentralized CMP hardware: since tasks are spawned out-of-order and unpredictably, maintaining key TLS basics such as task ordering and efficient resource allocation is challenging. While the concept of out-of-order spawning is not new, this paper is the first to propose a set of microarchitectural mechanisms that, altogether, fundamentally enable fast TLS with out-of-order spawn in a CMP. Moreover, we develop a fully-automated TLS compiler for aggressive out-of-order spawn. With our mechanisms, a TLS CMP with four 4-issue cores achieves an average speedup of 1.30 for full SPECint 2000 applications; the corresponding speedup for in-order- only spawn is 1.04. Overall, our mechanisms unlock the potential of TLS for the toughest applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages179-188
Number of pages10
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2005
EventICS05 - 19th ACM International Conference on Supercomputing - Cambridge, MA, United States
Duration: Jun 20 2005Jun 22 2005

Other

OtherICS05 - 19th ACM International Conference on Supercomputing
CountryUnited States
CityCambridge, MA
Period6/20/056/22/05

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)

Cite this

Renau, J., Tuck, J., Liu, W., Ceze, L., Strauss, K., & Torrellas, J. (2005). Tasking with out-of-order spawn in TLS chip multiprocessors: Microarchitecture and compilation. 179-188. Paper presented at ICS05 - 19th ACM International Conference on Supercomputing, Cambridge, MA, United States. https://doi.org/10.1145/1088149.1088173