Targeting NAD+ metabolism: Pre-clinical insights into potential cancer therapy strategies

Ayça N Mogol, Alanna Z Kaminsky, David J Dutton, Zeynep Madak Erdogan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


NAD + is one of the most important metabolites for cellular activities, and its biosynthesis mainly occurs through the salvage pathway using the nicotinamide phosphoribosyl transferase (NAMPT) enzyme. The main nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) consumers, poly-ADP-ribose-polymerases and sirtuins enzymes, are heavily involved in DNA repair and chromatin remodeling. Since cancer cells shift their energy production pathway, NAD levels are significantly affected. NAD’s roles in cell survival led to the use of NAD depletion in cancer therapies. NAMPT inhibition (alone or in combination with other cancer therapies, including endocrine therapy and chemotherapy) results in decreased cell viability and tumor burden for many cancer types. Many NAMPT inhibitors (NAMPTi) tested before were discontinued due to toxicity; however, a novel NAMPTi, KPT-9274, is a promising, low-toxicity option currently in clinical trials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberbqae043
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1 2024


  • NAD
  • cancer
  • metabolism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology


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