Target activation by regulatory RNAs in bacteria

Kai Papenfort, Carin K. Vanderpool

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Bacterial small regulatory RNAs (sRNAs) are commonly known to repress gene expression by base pairing to target mRNAs. In many cases, sRNAs base pair with and sequester mRNA ribosome-binding sites, resulting in translational repression and accelerated transcript decay. In contrast, a growing number of examples of translational activation and mRNA stabilization by sRNAs have now been documented. A given sRNA often employs a conserved region to interact with and regulate both repressed and activated targets. However, the mechanisms underlying activation differ substantially from repression. Base pairing resulting in target activation can involve sRNA interactions with the 5' untranslated region (UTR), the coding sequence or the 3' UTR of the target mRNAs. Frequently, the activities of protein factors such as cellular ribonucleases and the RNA chaperone Hfq are required for activation. Bacterial sRNAs, including those that function as activators, frequently control stress response pathways or virulence-associated functions required for immediate responses to changing environments. This review aims to summarize recent advances in knowledge regarding target mRNA activation by bacterial sRNAs, highlighting the molecular mechanisms and biological relevance of regulation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)362-378
Number of pages17
JournalFEMS Microbiology Reviews
Volume39
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

Keywords

  • Anti-antisense
  • Degradation interference
  • Hfq
  • RNase E
  • Sponge RNA
  • sRNA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Infectious Diseases

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Target activation by regulatory RNAs in bacteria'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this