Tailoring Surface Properties via Functionalized Hydrofluorinated Graphene Compounds

Jangyup Son, Nikita Buzov, Sihan Chen, Dongchul Sung, Huije Ryu, Junyoung Kwon, Sun Phil Kim, Shunya Namiki, Jingwei Xu, Suklyun Hong, Kenji Watanabe, Takashi Taniguchi, William P. King, Gwan Hyoung Lee, Arend M. van der Zande

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A new compound material of 2D hydrofluorinated graphene (HFG) is demonstrated whose relative hydrogen/fluorine concentrations can be tailored between the extremes of either hydrogenated graphene (HG) and fluorinated graphene (FG). The material is fabricated through subsequent exposures to indirect hydrogen plasma and xenon difluoride (XeF2). Controlling the relative concentration in the HFG compound enables tailoring of material properties between the extremes offered by the constituent materials and in-plane patterning produces micrometer-scale regions with different surface properties. The utility of the technique to tailor the surface wettability, surface friction, and electrical conductivity is demonstrated. HFG compounds display wettability between the extremes of pure FG with contact angle of 95° ± 5° and pure HG with contact angle of 42° ± 2°. Similarly, the HFG surface friction may be tailored between the two extremes. Finally, the HFG electrical conductivity tunes through five orders of magnitude when transitioning from FG to HG. When combined with simulation, the electrical measurements reveal the mechanism producing the compound to be a dynamic process of adatom desorption and replacement. This study opens a new class of 2D compound materials and innovative chemical patterning with applications for atomically thin 2D circuits consisting of chemically/electrically modulated regions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1903424
JournalAdvanced Materials
Issue number39
StatePublished - Sep 1 2019


  • 2D compounds
  • fluorination
  • graphene
  • hydrogenation
  • patterned chemical functionalization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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