Table grape consumption reduces adiposity and markers of hepatic lipogenesis and alters gut microbiota in butter fat-fed mice

Jessie Baldwin, Brian Collins, Patricia G. Wolf, Kristina Martinez, Wan Shen, Chia Chi Chuang, Wei Zhong, Paula Cooney, Chase Cockrell, Eugene Chang, H Rex Gaskins, Michael K. McIntosh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Our objective was to determine if consuming table grapes reduces adiposity and its metabolic consequences and alters gut microbiota in mice fed a high-fat (HF), butter-rich diet C57BL/6 J mice were fed a low-fat (LF) diet or HF diet with 3% or 5% grapes for 11 weeks. Total body and inguinal fat were moderately but significantly reduced in mice fed both levels of grapes compared to their controls. Mice fed 5% grapes had lower liver weights and triglyceride levels and decreased expression of glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase (Gpat1) compared to the 5% controls. Mice fed 3% grapes had lower hepatic mRNA levels of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma 2, sterol-CoA desaturase 1, fatty-acid binding protein 4 and Gpat1 compared to the 3% controls. Although grape feeding had only a minor impact on markers of inflammation or lipogenesis in adipose tissue or intestine, 3% of grapes decreased the intestinal abundance of sulfidogenic Desulfobacter spp. and the Bilophila wadsworthia-specific dissimilatory sulfite reductase gene and tended to increase the abundance of the beneficial bacterium Akkermansia muciniphila compared to controls. In addition, Bifidobacterium, Lactobacillus, Allobaculum and several other genera correlated negatively with adiposity. Allobaculum in particular was increased in the LF and 3% grapes groups compared to the HF-fed controls. Notably, grape feeding attenuated the HF-induced impairment in epithelial localization of the intestinal tight junction protein zonula occludens. Collectively, these data indicate that some of the adverse health consequences of consuming an HF diet rich in saturated fat can be attenuated by table grape consumption.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)123-135
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Nutritional Biochemistry
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016



  • Grapes
  • Intestines
  • Microbiota
  • Obesity
  • Steatosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Clinical Biochemistry

Cite this

Baldwin, J., Collins, B., Wolf, P. G., Martinez, K., Shen, W., Chuang, C. C., Zhong, W., Cooney, P., Cockrell, C., Chang, E., Gaskins, H. R., & McIntosh, M. K. (2016). Table grape consumption reduces adiposity and markers of hepatic lipogenesis and alters gut microbiota in butter fat-fed mice. Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry, 27, 123-135.