The spontaneous emission (SE) of the excited atoms in a two-dimensional (2D) arbitrary inhomogeneous environment has been systematically studied. The local density of states, which determines the radiation dynamics of a point source (for 3D) or a line source (for 2D), in particular, the SE rate, is represented by the electric dyadic Green's function. The numerical solution of the electric Green's tensor has been accurately obtained with the finite-difference frequency-domain method with the proper approximations of the monopole and dipole sources. The SE of atoms in photonic crystal and plasmonic metal plates has been comprehensively and comparatively investigated. For both the photonic crystal and plasmonic plates systems, the SEs depend on their respective dispersion relations and could be modified by the finite-structure or finite-size effects. This work is important for SE engineering and the optimized design of optoelectronic devices.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics|
|State||Published - Apr 20 2011|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics