BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity among Hispanic children is a public health concern in the United States and Mexico. Although experiences from school-based intervention programs aimed at influencing obesity-related behaviors have been positive, the understanding of those framework elements that are associated with successful outcomes is limited. The purpose of this study was to examine the frameworks used within school-based intervention programs in the United States and Mexico that showed improvements in obesity-related outcomes among Hispanic children. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was conducted using 4 electronic databases. Inclusion criteria included: incorporating a framework or aspects of frameworks within an intervention, more than 50% of Hispanic children used in the study and obesity-related outcomes (eg, dietary behaviors and anthropometric measurements). Data extraction and evaluation were completed using the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Evidence Analysis Manual. RESULTS: Ten articles (United States = 4; Mexico = 6) meeting inclusion criteria were evaluated. Eight studies that included a community-based framework, intensive nutrition education, and continuous communication among stakeholders resulted in improvements in dietary behaviors and anthropometric measurements among children compared to control groups. CONCLUSIONS: Incorporating community-based frameworks may increase the efficacy of school-based intervention programs to reduce obesity-related outcomes among Hispanic children.
- childhood obesity
- obesity intervention outcomes
- school-based interventions
- systematic review
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health