Systematic examination of pre- and post-retraction citations

Ly Dinh, Janina Sarol, Yi Yun Cheng, Tzu Kun Hsiao, Nikolaus Parulian, Jodi Schneider

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Scientific retractions occur for a multitude of reasons. A growing body of research has studied the phenomenon of retraction through systematic analyses of the characteristics of retracted articles and their associated citations. In our study, we focus on the characteristics of articles that cite retracted articles, and the changes in citation dynamics pre- and post-retraction. We leverage descriptive statistics and ego-network methods to examine 4,871 retracted articles and their citations before and after retraction. Our retracted articles data was obtained from PubMed, Scopus, and Retraction Watch and their citing articles from Scopus. Our findings indicate a stark decrease in post-retraction citations and that most of these citations came from countries different from the retracted article's country of publication. Citation context analyses of a subset of retracted articles also reveal that post-retraction citations came from articles with disciplinary and geographical boundaries different from that of the retracted article.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)390-394
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the Association for Information Science and Technology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2019


  • Citation Networks
  • Post-Retraction Citation
  • Retraction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Library and Information Sciences


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