Synthetic Power Analyses: Empirical Evaluation and Application to Cognitive Neuroimaging

Peiye Zhuang, Bliss Chapman, Ran Li, Sanmi Koyejo

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

In the experimental sciences, statistical power analyses are often used before data collection to determine the required sample size. However, traditional power analyses can be costly when data are difficult or expensive to collect. We propose synthetic power analyses; a framework for estimating statistical power at various sample sizes, and empirically explore the performance of synthetic power analysis for sample size selection in cognitive neuroscience experiments. To this end, brain imaging data is synthesized using an implicit generative model conditioned on observed cognitive processes. Further, we propose a simple procedure to modify the statistical tests which result in conservative statistics. Our empirical results suggest that synthetic power analysis could be a low-cost alternative to pilot data collection when the proposed experiments share cognitive processes with previously conducted experiments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationConference Record - 53rd Asilomar Conference on Circuits, Systems and Computers, ACSSC 2019
EditorsMichael B. Matthews
PublisherIEEE Computer Society
Pages1192-1196
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9781728143002
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2019
Event53rd Asilomar Conference on Circuits, Systems and Computers, ACSSC 2019 - Pacific Grove, United States
Duration: Nov 3 2019Nov 6 2019

Publication series

NameConference Record - Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems and Computers
Volume2019-November
ISSN (Print)1058-6393

Conference

Conference53rd Asilomar Conference on Circuits, Systems and Computers, ACSSC 2019
CountryUnited States
CityPacific Grove
Period11/3/1911/6/19

Keywords

  • GANs
  • fMRI
  • power analyses

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Computer Networks and Communications

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