Synthesis of Mn3O4/CeO2 Hybrid Nanotubes and Their Spontaneous Formation of a Paper-like, Free-Standing Membrane for the Removal of Arsenite from Water

Song Guo, Wuzhu Sun, Weiyi Yang, Zhengchao Xu, Qi Li, Jian Ku Shang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

One-dimensional nanomaterials may organize into macrostructures to have hierarchically porous structures, which could not only be easily adopted into various water treatment apparatus to solve the separation issue of nanomaterials from water but also take full advantage of their nanosize effect for enhanced water treatment performance. In this work, a novel template-based process was developed to create Mn3O4/CeO2 hybrid nanotubes, in which a redox reaction happened between the OMS-2 nanowire template and Ce(NO3)3 to create hybrid nanotubes without the template removal process. Both the Ce/Mn ratio and the precipitation agent were found to be critical in the formation of Mn3O4/CeO2 hybrid nanotubes. Because of their relatively large specific surface area, porous structure, high pore volume, and proper surface properties, these Mn3O4/CeO2 hybrid nanotubes demonstrated good As(III) removal performances in water. These Mn3O4/CeO2 hybrid nanotubes could form paper-like, free-standing membranes spontaneously by a self-assembly process without high temperature treatment, which kept the preferable properties of Mn3O4/CeO2 hybrid nanotubes while avoiding the potential nanomaterial dispersion problem. Thus, they could be readily utilized in commonly used flow-through reactors for water treatment purposes. This approach could be further applied to other material systems to create various hybrid nanotubes for a broad range of technical applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)26291-26300
Number of pages10
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Volume7
Issue number47
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2 2015

Keywords

  • As(III) removal
  • MnO/CeO hybrid nanotubes
  • free-standing membrane
  • redox precipitation reaction
  • toxicity reduction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

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