This paper describes a new approach for making face-centered tetragonal (fct) FePt nanoparticles with a diameter of 17 nm and granular films from Pt@Fe2O3 core-shell nanoparticle precursors. The core-shell nanoparticles were converted to fct FePt through a reduction and alloy formation process at enhanced temperatures. The Fe and Pt elemental analysis was conducted on both individual nanoparticles and granular films using energy-dispersive X-ray (EDX) spectroscopy. Our convergent evidence from selected area electron diffraction (SAED), powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), and EDX analysis indicates that the final products are fct FePt alloys. The fct FePt films have coercivities of 8.0-9.1 kOe at 5 K and 7.0 kOe at 300 K measured by a SQUID magnetometer. These values depend on the conversion temperatures of Pt@Fe2O3 nanoparticles. Unlike the previously synthesized disordered face-centered cubic (fcc) FePt nanoparticles with diameters of 4-6 nm (Sun, S. H.; Murray, C. B.; Weller, D.; Folks, L.; Moser, A. Science 2000, 287, 1989), the FePt nanoparticles presented in this work not only possess the preferred fct phase but also are in a size range that is expected to be ferromagnetic and have high coercivity, which is important to the practical applications in ultrahigh density data storage media and magnetic nano devices.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry