For studies of RNA structure, folding, and catalysis, site-specific modifications are typically introduced by solid-phase synthesis of RNA oligonucleotides using nucleoside phosphoramidites. Here, we report the preparation of two complete series of RNA nucleoside phosphoramidites; each has an appropriately protected amine or thiol functional group. The first series includes each of the four common RNA nucleotides, U, C, A, and G, with a 2′-(2-aminoethoxy)-2′-deoxy substitution (i.e., a primary amino group tethered to the 2′-oxygen by a two-carbon linker). The second series encompasses the four common RNA nucleotides, each with the analogous 2′-(2-mercaptoethoxy)-2′-deoxy substitution (i.e., a tethered 2′-thiol). The amines are useful for acylation and reductive amination reactions, and the thiols participate in displacement and oxidative cross-linking reactions, among other likely applications. The new phosphoramidites will be particularly valuable for enabling site-specific introduction of biophysical probes and constraints into RNA.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Organic Chemistry