SyncCast: Synchronized dissemination in multi-site interactive 3D tele-immersion

Zixia Huang, Wanmin Wu, Klara Nahrstedt, Raoul Rivas, Ahsan Arefin

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

An ideal interactive 3D tele-immersion (3DTI) system is expected to disseminate and synchronize multi-streams with a shortest-possible latency among participating sites, achieve inter-stream synchronization, and bound both inter-sender and inter-receiver skews. This is, however, a key challenge because of (1) the coexistence of multi-modal, correlated, bandwidth-savvy streams from multiple source media, (2) the bounded bandwidth resources at each site, (3) the heterogeneous transmission end-to-end delays (EED) between sites and (4) the diversity of 3D views requested by multiple users. Our study of the existing content dissemination topologies reveals their inadequacy of handlings the complication and dynamics present in 3DTI systems. In this paper, we propose SyncCast, a multi-stream multicast dissemination scheme that takes into account the bandwidth constraint, as well as the inter-stream, inter-sender and inter-receiver synchronization. We classify the 3DTI media streams into different service classes based on the users' visual interests. SyncCast is designed to address the interactions among EED, synchronization and bandwidth in the real-world Internet settings. We compare SyncCast and our previous ViewCast algorithm. The simulation results show the improvement in the synchronization performance and the implementation feasibility of SyncCast in supporting the multi-site interactive 3DTI system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMMSys'11 - Proceedings of the 2011 ACM Multimedia Systems Conference
Pages69-80
Number of pages12
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 25 2011
Event2nd Annual ACM Multimedia Systems Conference, MMSys'11 - San Jose, CA, United States
Duration: Feb 23 2011Feb 25 2011

Publication series

NameMMSys'11 - Proceedings of the 2011 ACM Multimedia Systems Conference

Other

Other2nd Annual ACM Multimedia Systems Conference, MMSys'11
CountryUnited States
CitySan Jose, CA
Period2/23/112/25/11

Keywords

  • 3D tele-immersion
  • SyncCast
  • Synchronization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Software

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  • Cite this

    Huang, Z., Wu, W., Nahrstedt, K., Rivas, R., & Arefin, A. (2011). SyncCast: Synchronized dissemination in multi-site interactive 3D tele-immersion. In MMSys'11 - Proceedings of the 2011 ACM Multimedia Systems Conference (pp. 69-80). (MMSys'11 - Proceedings of the 2011 ACM Multimedia Systems Conference). https://doi.org/10.1145/1943552.1943562