Symptoms, self-efficacy, and physical activity among individuals with multiple sclerosis

Robert W Motl, Erin M. Snook, Edward McAuley, Rachael C. Gliottoni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Using social-cognitive theory, we examined the associations among symptoms, self-efficacy, and physical activity in 196 individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS). Participants completed symptoms, self-efficacy, and physical activity measures and wore an accelerometer for 7 days. There was a moderate inverse correlation between symptoms and physical activity (φ = -.42). Subsequent analyses indicated that symptoms had direct negative relationships with self-efficacy (γ = -.32) and physical activity (γ = -.24), and self-efficacy had a direct positive relationship with physical activity (β = .57). This study provides initial support for symptoms as a correlate of physical activity in individuals with MS. Monitoring symptoms during a physical activity program and altering the exercise prescription during symptom exacerbation might be a method for increasing exercise adherence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)597-606
Number of pages10
JournalResearch in Nursing and Health
Volume29
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2006

Keywords

  • Covariance modeling
  • Exercise
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Social-cognitive theory
  • Symptoms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

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